GB 0208 704 1807

Regulation

Regulations | Chemical Storage

 

Chemstore is not responsible for the content or operation of any of the following links.

Relevant Organisations:

Health and safety executive

The HSE’s job is to protect people against risks to health or safety arising out of work activities.

 

 Environment agency

The Environment Agency is the leading public body for protecting and improving the environment in England and Wales…to make sure that air, land and water are looked after by everyone in today’s society, so that tomorrow’s generations inherit a cleaner, healthier world.

 

Department for environment, food and rural affairs

The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs secure a healthy environment in which we and future generations can prosper.

 sepa | scottish environment protection agency


The Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) is Scotland’s environmental regulator. Their role is to protect and improve the Scottish environment.

 coshh essentials  

COSHH Essentials provides advice on controlling the use of chemicals for a range of common tasks, eg mixing, or drying.

 

Training

Safety, Health & Welfare at Work Act 2005 

Effective Health & Safety Training HS(G)222

Spillage Control / Storage of Hazardous Substances

EPA Environmental Protection Agency (IPC Licencing guidelines) 

EPA Recommendations for Spillage Control & Bunding

HS(G)71 Chemical Warehousing – The Storage of Packaged Dangerous Substances

Water Pollutions Act 1977, 1990

COSHH Control of Substances, Hazardous to Health Regulations

HS(G)97 – Guide to COSHH Assessment

BASIS (British Agricultural Storage Inspection System)

Flammable Liquids / Compressed Gas Cylinders

BCGA (British Compressed Gases Association)

HS(G)103 – Safe Handling of Combustible Dusts

HS(G)158 – Flame Arrestors – Preventing the Spread of Fires and Explosions that Contains Flammable Gases

Vapours

HS(G)176 – The Storage of Flammable Liquids in Tanks

HS(G)51 – The Storage of Flammable Liquids in Containers

HS(G)140 – The Safe Use and Handling of Flammable Liquids

Standards

EN14470-1: Storage and management of flammable liquids

EN14470-2:  Storage and management of gas cylinders

Training

All companies who are using, storing or transporting hazardous chemicals, corrosives or flammable liquids or gases are realising the benefits of training their employees in the usage of personal protection equipment, spillage control and hazardous chemical awareness. Companies must now have effective Health, Safety and Environmental procedures in place. Otherwise, companies may have problems such as:

  • Injury to personnel
  • Pollution to the environment
  • Prosecutions, fines & imprisonment
  • Negative publicity for the organisation

Top

 Safety, Health & Welfare at Work Act 2005

This new act has introduced a number of challenging aspects for companies managing Health & Safety. Section 6 of this Act places the responsibility on employers (managers / directors) in so far as reasonably practical. Employers must have provisions in place for safe systems of work and of training and supervision.

This legislation includes the following key points:

  • Company directors and managers may be held personally liable where they are found to have contributed to negligence.
  • Fines of up to 3 million euro plus possible prison sentences of up to 2 years.
  • HSA is empowered under the Act to compile and publish a list of the names and addresses of businesses where a fine has been imposed by a court, a prohibition notice served by the HSA or where a court has made an interim or interlocutory order.

Under this new act employees must now:

  • Conform with all relevant Health & Safety regulations.
  • Wear the necessary personal protective clothing.
  • Cooperate with their employer and avoid putting themselves or others at risk.
  • In summary, this legislation emphasises that the new requirements place much greater responsibility on employers (managers/directors). The onus is now on employers to provide a safe working environment for their employees and visitors!

Top

Effective Health & Safety Training HS(G)222

The following guidance is designed to help employers and trainers improve health and safety performance by undertaking high quality training. It also offers guidance on aspects of employers’ responsibilities under health and safety law.

It will help you:

  • Raise awareness of the importance of health and safety in the company.
  • Explore roles, responsibilities and the ways in which people’s actions affect the health and safety of others.
  • Help participants with the process of risk assessment.
  • Setting out managing health and safety improvements

Top

Spillage Control / Storage of Hazardous Substances

Drums or containers of hazardous or pollutant liquids must be stored in bunded storage areas. The bunded storage areas must be designed to retain liquids spilling or leaking. The Environmental Protection agency has established guidelines for bund capacities.

Top

EPA Environmental Protection Agency (IPC Licensing Guidelines)

  • The EPA oversees the protection of our natural environment in Ireland through the regulation and policing of all activities that pose considerable threats to it.
  • The IPC (Integrated Pollution Control) guidelines regulate and license large and/or complex industrial and other processes.
  • IPC guidelines also assert the application of the most effective technologies available for such processes.

Top

The EPA Recomendations for Spillage Control & Bunding

  • Drums and IBC’s (Intermediate Bulk Containers) must be stored in bunded storage areas.
  • The bund capacity should be a minimum of 110% of the volume of the largest container to be stored.
  • The bund capacity should be a minimum of 110% of the total volume of the 10 largest containers to be stored.
  • The bund capacity should be a minimum of 25% of the total volume of liquids stored.

Top

HS(G)71 Chemical Warehousing – The Storage of Packaged Dangerous Substances

  • Information on the hazards associated with the storage of packaged dangerous substances.
  • Sets out guidelines on the design, construction, operation and maintenance of storage areas, buildings and sites used for storing packaged dangerous chemicals.
  • HSG71 offers protection to people at work and others potentially affected.

Top

Water Pollutions Act 1977, 1990

  • A person, company or entity is prohibited from causing or permitting any polluted materials entering our waterways.
  • Any person convicted of such an offence shall be liable to fines and/or imprisonment.

Top

COSHH Control of Substances, Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002

  • Flammable materials and vapours that pose any risk of ignition must be isolated in suitably manufactured cabinets.
  • These cabinets must clearly identify the hazardous chemicals, gases or other flammable materials with the correct visible signage.

Top

HS(G)97 Guide to COSHH Assessment

  • HSG97 presents employers with a general guidance for assessing their activities under the above Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002. It sets out a basic system for managing risk to the health of people at work and others who may be affected by hazardous substances.

Top

BASIS (British Agricultural Storage Inspection System)

Basic criteria for all pesticide stores includes:

  • Adequate capacity
  • Soundly constructed of fire resistant materials
  • Well lit and ventilated
  • Capable of containing spillage and leakage
  • Marked with appropriate warning signs and secure from theft and vandalism

Top

Flammable Liquids / Compressed Gas Cylinders

There are numerous laws, regulations and guidelines to be followed when one is handling, storing and transporting compressed gas cylinders. Here are the main general requirements that must be satisfied by these Health & Safety regulations.

Storage of Compressed Gas Cylinders

  • All cylinders should be stored upright in rows 2-3 deep.
  • They should be secured to prevent them from falling.
  • Some degree of protection from the elements should be provided.
  • Provision for adequate ventilation to avoid potential build-ups of harmful gases.
  • Cylinders must be stored safely out of the way of any sources of heat and ignition.
  • Differing gases must be segregated.
  • Empty cylinders segregated from full cylinders.

The storage, transportation and handling of Highly Flammable Liquids require that:

  • Due care should be taken when handling and storing highly flammable liquids.
  • Flammable liquids and powders indoors must be stored in a cabinet which provides a minimum of 30 minutes fire resistance.
  • Flammable liquids used in production should be stored in safety containers fitted with fire arrestors.
  • Flammable liquids stored externally should be fire protected if deemed to be in an unsafe location.

Top

BCGA (British Compressed Gases Association)

  • BCGA states that companies should have well defined storage areas and the necessary ventilation as appropriate to the specific gases stored.
  • Storage areas should be segregated.
  • They should be located keeping in mind the potential hazards of the particular gases.
  • All personnel engaged in the storage and handling of gases in cylinders should receive relevant training which should include:
    • Potential hazards of gases stored
    • Cylinder content and hazard identification
    • Site safety regulations and emergency procedures
    • The use of PPE

Top

HS(G)103 – Safe Handling of Combustible Dusts

HS(G)103 gives guidance on the prevention and mitigation of dust explosions and fires. Many materials we work with everyday create dusts that are highly flammable that can collect as a cloud and potentially explode. Examples are:

  • Sugar
  • Coal
  • Wood
  • Grain
  • Certain metals
  • Many synthetic organic chemicals

Top

HS(G)158 – Flame Arrestors – Preventing the Spread of Fires and Explosions that Contains Flammable Gases and Vapours

This framework involves preventing the spread of fire and explosion in vessels and pipes containing flammable atmospheres.

The Flammable Liquids and Liquified Petroleum Regulations 1972 requires precautions be taken to reduce the risk of fires and explosions

  • An assessment should be conducted to identify
    • where flammable atmospheres occur
    • where potential ignition sources may arise
    • whether fire can spread between pieces of equipment
    • the consequences in the event of an accident

Top

Vapours

HS(G)176 – The Storage of Flammable Liquids in Tanks

HS(G)176 explains the design, construction, operation and maintenance of storage facilities for flammable liquids in fixed tanks operating at or near atmospheric pressure.

It applies to new and existing installations and where practicable.

It is specifically aimed at managers and supervisors involved in storing flammable liquids in industries such as:

  • Chemical
  • Petrochemical
  • Paints
  • Solvents
  • Pharmaceutical

Top

HS(G)51 – The Storage of Flammable Liquids in Containers

Gives realistic procedures on the design, construction, operation and maintenance of storerooms, storage areas and buildings used for the storage of flammable liquids at normal temperatures and pressures.

These procedures are aimed specifically at those responsible for the safe handling and storage of flammable liquids in containers in all general work activities, from storage of small quantities of flammable liquids within a workroom to large drum warehouses.

Top

HS(G)140 – The Safe Use and Handling of Flammable Liquids

Feasible measures to protect people at work and others working in activities involving flammable liquids. Objectives of this publication are:

  • Increase the awareness of the potential fire and explosion hazards.
  • Procedures on safe operating procedures and precautions to reduce injuries and damage caused by fires and explosions while handling flammable liquids.
  • Guidance on appropriate fire precautions, maintenance and training.

Top

Standards

EN14470-1 : Fire Safety Storage Cabinets – Part 1: Safety Storage Cabinets for Flammable Liquids

This EU standard was approved in February 2004. It includes “the design and testing criteria for safety cabinets to be used in laboratories to store flammable liquids in closed containers at normal room temperatures.”

The three major safety requirements:

  • Minimising the fire risks associated with the storage of flammable substances and protection of the cabinets in the event of the fire for a known (tested) minimum length of time (fire rating).
  • Minimising the amount of vapour released into the working environment.
  • Retention of accidental spillage within the cabinet.

Top

EN 14470-2 : Storage and management of gas cylinders

The new  EN 14470-2  standard classifies fire resistance for gas cylinder storage into four classes from G15 up to G90 ( fire resistance of 15 to 90 minutes).

Each type of cabinet and each cabinet size has to be fire chamber tested. Tests can only be carried out by an authorized material testing institute. Cabinets must be tested in a fire chamber as free standing single cabinets.

Top

ISO 14001 – The International Standard in Environmental Management

This standard was adopted by CEN, the European Standards organisation in 1996. It is one of a colleciton of 25 standards developed for use in the environmental field. It replaces such standards as IS 310 and BS7750. All of Chemstore Environmental products comply with this standard.

The International Environmental Management System (EMS) Standard, ISO14001, can be defined as having two underlining criteria:

  • Continual improvement
  • Legal compliance

Chemstore Environmental provides quality products and services to help organisations operate in an efficient and environmentally responsible manner and while also assisting businesses to comply with legislation, reduce costs and even gain competitive advantages.

Top

EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme is a non-mandatory initiative created to increase organisations environmental performances.

It rewards and recognises companies that go “beyond minimum legal compliance and continuously improve their environmental performance.”

One of the main requirements of this scheme is, companies must make regular environmental announcements about their environmental performance.

Environmental management is fast becoming a core business issue for companies in relation to areas such as:

  • Minimising waste
  • Protecting the environment

Chemstore products and services give our clients the confidence they need to comply of this initiative

Top